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Dr. LEE, Wai Sum Vanti  (李蕙心)

BA (Chinese University of Hong Kong)
PhD (City University of Hong Kong)

Associate Professor

Contact Information

Office: AC1-B7608
Phone: (852) 3442 6605
Fax: (852) 3442 0359
Email: w.s.lee@cityu.edu.hk
Web: -
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Research Interests

  • Phonetics
  • Phonology
  • Chinese dialects

Teaching Interests

  • Phonetics
  • Phonology
  • Experimental phonetics

Last updated: 31 October 2014

Dr. Wai-Sum Lee is the Coordinator of the Phonetics Laboratory of the Department of Linguistics and Translation at the City University of Hong Kong. Her main research interest is in Chinese phonetics. She has carried out research projects on acoustics, articulation, and perception of the sounds of the Chinese dialects, namely Cantonese, Beijing Mandarin, and Hakka.

Dr. Lee has been serving as a member of the Council of the International Phonetic Association (IPA) since 2011. She is also a member of the Executive Committee of the Phonetic Association of China (PAC) and an editorial board member for the Chinese Journal of Phonetics, an official publication of the PAC. And, more recently she has been appointed as Vice-President of the PAC.

She co-chaired the Organizing Committee for the 17th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-2011) in 2011 and convened the International Conference on Phonetics of the Languages in China (ICPLC-2013) in 2013. She was the editor of the Proceedings of ICPhS-2011 and Proceedings of ICPLC-2013. She has served as a reviewer for a number of phonetics/linguistics journals, namely Journal of Phonetics, Journal of the International Phonetic Association, Speech Communication, Lingua, and Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.

Research Grants (as Principal Investigator)

External grants

  • Articulatory-acoustic relations in Cantonese vowels (#9041707), PI, RGC-GRF, 2012-2015 (HK$911,066).
  • Dispersion and variability of male and female vowels - Data from three Chinese dialects (#9041514), PI, RGC-GRF, 2010-2013 (HK$833,316).
  • Typology of the Vowels, Consonants, and Tones of Chinese Dialects (#9041424), Co-I, RGC-GRF, 2008-2011 ($875,000).
  • Phonetics and Phonology of the Chinese Dialects: Xiamen, Kejia, and Nanchang (#9041063), Co-I, RGC-GRF, 2005-2008 ($989,551).

Internal grants

  • Articulatory-acoustic relations in Cantonese vowels (#7002546), PI, CityU-SRG, 2010-2012 (HK$179,977).
  • A phonetic study of the acoustic development of the vowels, diphthongs, and tones in Cantonese-speaking children (#7002390), PI, CityU-SRG, 2008-2010 (HK$179,880).
  • A phonetic study of the endangered lao Beijing hua (the Old Peking Dialect) in Beijing (#7002064), PI, CityU-SRG, 2007-2009 (HK$179,496).
  • A perceptual investigation of the vowel sounds in Hong Kong Cantonese (#7200089), PI, CityU-Start-up Grant, 2007-2009 (HK$99,981).

Selected Publications (in recent 6 years)

Books/ Book Chapters

  • Lee, W.S. and E. Zee (in press). ‘Tone and Intonation’. In Rint Sybesma, et al. (eds.), Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics. Leiden, Holland, Brill.
  • Lee, W.S. and E. Zee (in press). ‘Apical Vowels’. In Rint Sybesma, et al. (eds.), Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics. Leiden, Holland, Brill.
  • Lee, W.S. (2014). ‘Distinctive Features of Tones’. In H.Q. Bao, et al. (eds.), Experimental Phonetics (2nd). Beijing, Peking University Press.
  • Lee, W.S. and E. Zee (2014). ‘Chinese Phonetics’. In C.T. James Huang, et al. (eds.), The Handbook of Chinese Linguistics. Malden, MA, USA, Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Lee, W.S. (ed.) (2013). Proceedings of the International Conference on Phonetics of the Languages in China. City University of Hong Kong, 179p.
  • Lee, W.S. and E. Zee (eds.) (2011). Proceedings of the 17th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. City University of Hong Kong, 2353p. (In 3 volumes).

Journal Articles

  • Lee, W.S. (2013). ‘Articulatory-acoustic relations in palatal vowels’. Chinese Journal of Phonetics 4: 153-162.
  • Lee, W.S. and E. Zee (2013). ‘Vowel dispersion and variability – data from three Chinese dialects’. Chinese Journal of Phonetics 4: 143-152.
  • Lee, W.S. (2012). ‘Articulatory-acoustic relations in Cantonese vowel production’. POMA 15, 060002 (9 pages), DOI: 10.1121/1.4772755, published by the Acoustical Society of America.
  • Lee, W.S. (2012). ‘A spectral analysis of the apical vowel in Yongding Hakka’. POMA 15, 060001 (7 pages), DOI: 10.1121/1.4772713, published by the Acoustical Society of America.
  • Lee, W.S. (2012). ‘Dispersion and variability of vowels of different inventory sizes’. POMA 14, 060006 (9 pages), DOI: 10.1121/1.4772752, published by the Acoustical Society of America.
  • Lee, W.S. and E. Zee (2010). ‘Articulatory characteristics of the coronal stop, affricate, and fricative in Cantonese’. Journal of Chinese Linguistics 38(2): 336-372.
  • Lee, W.S. and E. Zee (2010). ‘A phonetic study of the tones in Meixian Hakka’. Journal of Hakka Research 37(2): 151-158.
  • Lee, W.S. and E. Zee (2009). ‘The illustrations of the IPA - Hakka Chinese’. Journal of International Phonetic Association 39(1): 107-111.
  • Lee, W.S. (2009). ‘Vowel formant frequency characteristics of adult and preadolescent males and females’. Chinese Journal of Phonetics 2:90-97.
  • Lee, W.S. and E. Zee (2008). ‘Prosodic characteristics of the neutral tone in Beijing Mandarin’. Journal of Chinese Linguistics 36(1):1-29.
  • Lee, W.S. (2008). ‘Perceptual cues for identifying the vowels in Cantonese’. Chinese Journal of Phonetics 1:212-220.
  • Zee, E. and W.S. Lee (2008). ‘Vowel typology of the Chinese dialects’. Chinese Journal of Phonetics 1:77-82.

Conference Proceedings

  • Lee, W.S. (2014). ‘Articulatory-spectral-temporal relations in Cantonese vowels’. Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Chinese Languages and Linguistics (IsCLL-14), Taipei, Taiwan, 4-6 June, 2014, p.93-108.
  • Lee, W.S. (2013). ‘The point vowels in Cantonese’. Proceedings of the International Conference on Phonetics of the Languages in China (ICPLC-2013), Hong Kong, China, 2-4 December, 2013, p.94-97.
  • Zee, E. and W.S. Lee (2013). ‘Typology of the sounds of the Chinese dialects’. Proceedings of the International Conference on Phonetics of the Languages in China (ICPLC-2013), Hong Kong, China, 2-4 December, 2013, p.66-71.
  • Lee, W.S. (2012). ‘Acoustic analysis of the vowel system of Yongding Hakka Chinese’. Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Speech Database and Assessments (Oriental COCOSDA 2012), Macau, China, 9-12 December, 2012, p.107-111.
  • Lee, W.S. (2012). ‘Articulatory and spectral characteristics of Cantonese vowels’. Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Chinese Spoken Language Processing (ISCSLP-2012), Hong Kong, China, 5-8 December, 2012, p.45-49.
  • Lee, W.S. (2012). ‘A cross-dialect comparison of vowel dispersion and vowel variability’. Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Chinese Spoken Language Processing (ISCSLP-2012), Hong Kong, China, 5-8 December, 2012, p.25-29.
  • Lee, W.S. and E. Zee (2012). ‘Temporal organization of syllable production in the speech of Cantonese-speaking children’. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Speech Prosody (SP2012), Shanghai, China, 22-25 May, 2012, p.498-501.
  • Lee, W.S. (2012). ‘Articulatory-acoustic relations in the palatal vowels of Cantonese’. Proceedings of the 10th Phonetics Conference of China (PCC2012). Shanghai, China, 18-20 May, 2012 (in 6 pages).
  • Lee, W.S. and E. Zee (2012). ‘Dispersion and variability in the vowels of three Chinese dialects’. Proceedings of the 10th Phonetics Conference of China (PCC2012). Shanghai, China, 18-20 May, 2012 (in 6 pages).
  • Lee, W.S. (2012). ‘Articulatory-acoustic relations in Cantonese vowel production’. Proceedings of Acoustics 2012 and the 163rd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, Hong Kong, China, 13-18 May, 2012 (in 6 pages). Abstract in the Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 131(4): 3346.
  • Lee, W.S. (2012). ‘A spectral analysis of the apical vowel in Yongding Hakka’. Proceedings of Acoustics 2012 and the 163rd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, Hong Kong, China, 13-18 May, 2012 (in, 6 pages). Abstract in the Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 131(4): 3346.
  • Lee, W.S. and E. Zee (2011). ‘Developmental change in F0 of Cantonese-speaking pre-adolescent children’. Proceedings of the 17th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS XVII), Hong Kong, China, 17-21 August, 2011, p.1186-1189.
  • Zee, E. and W.S. Lee (2011). ‘Spectral characteristics of the male and female vowels in Yongding Hakka Chinese’. Proceedings of the 17th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS XVII), Hong Kong, China, 17-21 August, 2011, p.2256-2259.
  • Lee, W.S. and E. Zee (2010). ‘Acoustic development of vowels in children’s speech’. Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Chinese Spoken Language Processing (ISCSLP-2010), Tainan, Taiwan, 29 November-3 December, 2010, p.358-363.
  • Lee, W.S. (2010). ‘Spectral analysis of the diphthongs in Peking dialect’. Proceedings of the 9th Phonetics Conference of China (PCC2010). Tianjin, China, 28-30 May, 2010 (in 5 pages).
  • Zee, E. and W.S. Lee (2010). ‘Articulation of the dorsal consonants in Kejia (Hakka) Chinese’. Proceedings of the 9th Phonetics Conference of China (PCC2010), Tianjin, China, 28-30 May, 2010 (in 4 pages).
  • Lee, W.S. (2009). ‘A frequency analysis of the tones in Meixian Hakka’. Proceedings of the 16th World Congress of the International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Kunming, China, 27-31 July, 2009, p.762-769.
  • Zee, E. and W.S. Lee (2009). ‘Dorsal articulation in Hakka Chinese’. Proceedings of the 16th World Congress of the International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Kunming, China, 27-31 July, 2009, p.781-786.
  • Lee, W.S. (2009). ‘Duration and formant frequencies as cues to identification of vowels’. Proceedings of the 2009 Seoul International Conference on Linguistic Interfaces, Seoul, Korea, 24-26 June, 2009, p.407-415.
  • Lee, W.S. (2008). ‘The articulation of the coronal sounds in the Peking Dialect’. Proceedings of the 8th International Seminar on Speech Production (ISSP2008), Strasbourg, France, 8-12 December, 2008, p.109-112.
  • Zee, E. and W.S. Lee (2008). ‘The articulatory characteristics of the palatals, palatalized velars, and velars in Hakka Chinese’. Proceedings of the 8th International Seminar on Speech Production (ISSP2008), Strasbourg, France, 8-12 December, 2008, p.113-116.
  • Lee, W.S. (2008). ‘Spectral analysis of the Cantonese vowels from speakers of different age-and-gender groups’. Proceedings of the 8th Phonetics Conference of China (PCC2008) and the International Symposium on Phonetic Frontiers, Beijing, China, 18-20 April, 2008 (in 6 pages).
Department of Chinese, Translation and Linguistics
Postal address: City University of Hong Kong B7704, 7/F, Blue Zone, Lift 3, Academic 1 83, Tat Chee Avenue Kowloon HK
Tel:(852)3442 8705, Fax:(852) 3442 0359 / 3442 0358, E-mail: ctlenq(at)cityu.edu.hk
2006/12/05 31 October 2014 Staff profile page contact Person description:
LEE, Wai Sum Vanti Associate Professor w.s.lee@cityu.edu.hk lt.cityu.edu.hk/images/People/Photos/ctllee.jpg (852) 3442 6605
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