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Topic: 5. The Role of Contrastive Analysis in Pedagogical Grammar by Prof. Teng Shouhsin 鄧守信教授
Posted - 25/04/2003 : 18:08:35
Department of Chinese, Translation and Linguistics
Institute of Chinese Linguistics
Language Information Sciences Research Centre
Seminar Series: A Pedagogical Grammar of Chinese
Professor Teng Shouhsin
Institute of Chinese as a Second Language
National Taiwan Normal University
5. The Role of Contrastive Analysis in Pedagogical Grammar
Time: 4:30 - 6:00 pm
Date: 30th April 2003 (Wednesday)
日期: 二零零三年四月三十日 (星期三)
Venue: B7603 (CTL Multi-purpose Room), City University of Hong Kong
香港城市大學 B7603 室 (中文，翻譯及語言學系多用途室)
Though contrastive analysis (CA) no longer has any role to play in the field of second language acquisition, it has been quietly, abundantly and to me appropriately employed in second/foreign language instruction. This segment of my talks will be a call for the legitimised return of CA, especially its weak version, in language education, where its role can be defined in terms of the instructors' recognition of transfer/interference, error correction, and in the design of pedagogical grammar. In the last mentioned, we shall, in this talk, apply CA to define a scale of "difficult-ness" of syntactic structures. Specifically, we propose the following hypotheses.
Hypothesis One: Inter-linguistic distance in syntactic structures contributes to difficultness.
Situation 1: L1 has a syntactic structure and L2 has an equivalent
Situation 2: L1 has a syntactic structure but L2 ha no equivalent
Situation 3: L2 has a syntactic structure but L1 has no equivalent
Hypothesis Two: Inter-linguistic distance in semantic structures contributes to difficultness.
Situation 4: L1 has a semantic structure and L2 has an equivalent
Situation 5: L1 has a semantic structure but L2 ha no equivalent
Situation 6: L2 has a semantic structure but L1 has no equivalent
Situations 1-6 define a scale of difficultness that can be applied in structural sequencing. Each situation will be amply illustrated with structures from English and Putonghua.
Language of presentation: Mandarin Chinese
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